Creator And Redeemer
By Scott Woodruff
Sin and its origin tend to be one of the most perplexing questions to mankind. Where did sin come from? One might say sin came from Adam’s disobedience, one might say it came from the great fall of Lucifer and the angels of heaven and their pride and disobedience, and one might even say it’s always existed. Sin has plagued the hearts and minds of mankind since the first transgression committed by Adam and Eve. But if we must trace its origin back we must first look further back before the creation of mankind. Louis Berkhof states in his book “Systematic Theology” that in order to locate the origin of sin, one must look to the angelic world for answers (Berkhof, 2003). Why start here? There is not an exact time on the fall of the angels. Jesus spoke about Lucifer in the Gospel of John saying, “He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him” (John 8:44, NASB). In order for us to grab a solid understanding on the origin of sin one must first look to scripture on why the angels fell, the origin of sin in Adam’s race, and why Jesus the Son of God was the Creator and Redeemer of all things.
First and foremost, let us examine why the angels fell from heaven and why God had cast them out. Scripture is not specifically clear to the point of why Lucifer and one-third of the angels fell, but we can assume from what scripture does speak of there was a rebellion against God and his commands in the heavenly realm. Jonathan Edwards expounds on the realm of possibilities that certain events in heaven could have happened. He simply states that “God declared his decree that one of that human nature should be in his beloved Son, his greatest and most favorite, and that nature should be united in his eternal Son and he will be head and king over them and they will be subjected to mankind.” This may be true to some extent. Jesus is the God-man which is known as the hypostatic union. Did God declare in heaven to unite the natures of his creation to his son and this is what caused the uproar? Scripture reveals Lucifer fell due to pride and wanting to be like God. “From the day you were created until unrighteousness was found in you” (Ezekiel 28:15). Throughout Ezekiel 28 the prophet speaks of the king of Tyre, but the story takes a shift in realms it seems. The prophet begins to speak of the fall of Lucifer from heaven and how he was the anointed Cherub that God had placed over Eden (Ezekiel 28:14). Lucifer was the head Cherub or an archangel, the elite of the elite. He and many of the other angels probably believed they were the greater of God’s creation and that they should not serve a lesser more primitive creation such as mankind. Which led to the fall of the angels. “And the angels who did not keep their own domain but abandoned their proper abode” (Jude 1:6, NASB). The angels were in rebellion against God. They were no longer satisfied with the government and power entrusted to them (Berkhof). The angels and Lucifer were thrown out of heaven and hurled to the earth in which could have brought the plague of sin, deception, and disobedience to God’s creation.
Secondly, the origin of sin in Adam’s race originated from the disobedience and first transgression of our federal head “Adam.” God the creator of the heavens and the earth had created all things including man and woman. Adam and Eve were placed in the Garden of Eden and were given a specific command by God. “From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; but from the tree of knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for the day that you eat from it you will surely die” (Genesis 2:16-17). Adam and Eve in the next chapter of Genesis commit the greatest known act of disobedience that has cursed all of humanity from that very day. The history of the human race as presented in Scripture is basically the history of mankind in constant rebellion against God and his plan of redemption through his Son to bring back mankind to himself (Grudem). Adam and Eve’s sin came at a great cost.
“When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight for the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate” (Genesis 3:6).
They disobeyed God’s command and they were removed from the Garden. Not only were they removed but now their lifespan was depleting, and they would now die a physical death instead of being sustained by God in the Garden. They had died spiritually and were separated from God. “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned” (Romans 5:12). Adam’s sin was passed down through his entire race. But God had a plan to redeem mankind through the death and resurrection of his Son who would be born of a virgin. God promises a seed to crush the head of the serpent (Bird).
Thirdly, Jesus is the creator of all things and he is the one and only that can redeem mankind and God had set forth this plan from the beginning of creation. “He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together” (Colossians 1:17). Christ was in the beginning during creation and through him everything was created. Christ’s significance for creation is explicit throughout the New Testament. “It is by none other than the Word by which God created that has become the incarnate as Jesus Christ” (Alexander, Rosner, Carson, & Goldsworthy). It was by the word of God that creation was spoken into existence. “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was God” (John 1:1). Jesus is the image of God, and in order to restore the image of God back to mankind Jesus must fulfill God’s plan of redemption. This is God’s plan of salvation through his Son Jesus Christ. God was the only one who can play the redeeming role in salvation. The final lamb to be slain for the sins of the world. Only the blood of Jesus Christ can offer forgiveness for sins. “His death bought release from death for believers at the cost of his own life” (Alexander, Rosner, Carson, & Goldsworthy).
However, In order for us to grab a solid understanding on the origin of sin one must first look to scripture on why the angels fell, the origin of sin in Adam’s race, and why Jesus the Son of God was the Creator and Redeemer of all things. Scripture reveals that the origin of sin originated in heaven but came through Adam to mankind. Having disobeyed God in the Garden, we became spiritually separated from God experiencing a spiritual death. In order to redeem mankind back to the Father, Jesus the Son of God had to come and offer up his life as a ransom for all that believe.